What Is a Textile Fabric?

Wednesday 31 May, 2017



What Is a Textile Fabric?

Knowing what a textile fabric is and the different types of textile fabrics is important in the design industry. In this blog, we will learn the definition of a textile fabric and the different types of textiles.
Imagine walking into your local department store. The aisles are filled with dozens of different shirts, skirts, dresses, bedsheets, and towels. As you walk down each aisle, you touch different garments, and some feel different from others. That's because apparel, home furnishings, and much more are made from different textile fabrics.
Knowing what a textile fabric is and the difference between textile fabrics is critical in the design industry. Textile fabrics originate from a number of sources including animals, plants, and minerals, as well as manmade synthetic materials. In this lesson, you will learn a comprehensive definition of a textile fabric and about the many types of textile fabrics currently used in the industry.
What Is a Textile Fabric?
A textile fabric is a cloth that has been woven, knitted, tufted, knotted, or bonded together. The textiles themselves are generally the yarns, threads, and wools that have been made to form the fabrics. Textile fabrics are made from natural or synthetic fibers. Popular textile fabrics include cotton and leather, but even seaweed and gold have been used to make textile fabrics.
Types of Textile Fabrics
Plant-Based Textile Fabrics
Plant-based textile fabrics have been made and used for thousands of years. The most common plant-based textile fabrics include cotton, linen, hemp, and jute. Let's look at a few facts about each of these textile fabrics:
• Cotton is an all-season fabric that provides breathability and softness. Many people prefer cotton for clothing and bedding because it generally doesn't cause allergies for those sensitive to other textiles such as wool or synthetic materials.
• Linen is made from the flax plant. Linen is durable, allergen-free, and can be washed by hand. Because of its durability, linen is used to make tablecloths, curtains, and clothing. The fabric has an amazing ability to stay cool during warm weather.
• Hemp is a durable textile fabric used to make clothing, shoes, home furnishings, and furniture. This fabric offers UV protection, insulation, and softness that make it ideal for outerwear.
• Jute is a natural textile fabric used to make rugs, carpets, twine, sacks, and linoleum. Jute is very resistant to wear and tear.
Animal-Based Textile Fabrics
Animal-based textile fabrics tend to be more expensive and reserved for special uses. Silk, leather, and wool are common textile fabrics made from animals.
• Silk was discovered in China during 2600 B.C. and is considered the most luxurious fabric in the fashion industry. Silk is derived from silkworms; the average silkworm can produce up to 1200 threads in 72 hours. Silk is very soft and provides a luster unlike any other natural fabric, which is why it is used to make high-end clothing and bedding.
• Leather can be made from cows, bison, pigs, goats, and other animals depending on the region it came from. Leather can be both soft and firm, making it ideal for footwear, clothing, accessories, and home furnishings. The fact that leather isn't affected by temperature is one of its best qualities. Leather can also get wet and return to its original shape.
• Made from sheep's fleece, wool is a warm textile fabric. Wool offers moisture-wicking properties in hot and cold weather. Wool is used to make sweaters, blankets, and rugs because of its ability to resist wrinkles and resist catching fire when exposed to flames. People with sensitive skin tend to avoid wool because it can be very itchy.



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