Viscose fiber is made from purified cellulose, it is produced from specially processed wood pulp. Viscose is very similar to cotton and silk . It is a fine and soft material commonly used in t-shirts , tunics , shirts and dresses ,all of them ,includes cellulose.
There are two kinds of fibres: natural (cotton, wool and silk) ; and artificial ones synthesised out of petrochemicals (nylon and polyester). Viscose raw material for viscose is cellulose which is broken down either mechanically or chemically and reformed as fibres. Actually Viscose seems in between but it is commonly accepted that Viscose fiber is natural.Viscose fibre is gained by the process of the special wood.
History of viscose
There are different kinds of rayons, and most of them are highly absorbent, easy to dye, soft on the skin and became very popular when it was first produced. Viscose (commonly known as Rayon), was made to substitute for the expensive silk.First manufacturer is an American Company Avtex Fibers Inc. They made first production in 1910. Viscose material is softer than cotton and more springy than silk.Viscose is comfortable to wear .There are two types of fibers, they are called naturals and artificials. Natural fibers are cotton, wool and silk and artificial are synthesized with petrochemicals like nylon and polyester. Even it is considered to be synthetic, it is not, it is made from tree cellulose.
Difference between Rayon and Viscose ? (and others)
The environmental profiles of rayon or viscose and they different. The Fibres are not named for its raw-material, but for its process.This is confusing many people.
Yarn producing that is the basis for rayon or vicose, raw-material generally from wood pulp, has to go through a chemical process. The process is much like how one produces paper. Depending on what type of process, the rayon can end up as Rayon, Viscose , Modal , Lyocell or Bamboo.
What is Rayon : Rayon is produced from naturally occurring polymers, and is called an artificial silk. It is not a synthetic fiber, but a manufactured regenerated cellulosic fiber. Rayon is very versatile and has the same comfort properties as other natural fibers: it can imitate the feel and texture of silk, wool, cotton and linen. Rayon fabrics are soft, smooth, cool, comfortable, and highly absorbent, but they do not insulate body heat making them ideal for use in hot and humid climates.
What is Viscose: Georges Audemars developed the first rayon fibre around 1855, but his method was impractical for commercial use. Hilaire de Charbonnet, Comte de Chardonnay, patented "Chardonnay silk" in 1884, but it was so flammable it had no safe use. Finally, in 1894, Charles Frederick Cross, Edward John Bevan, and Clayton Beadle patented the first safe and practical artificial silk, which they named "viscose". Avtex Fibers Incorporated began selling their formulation in 1910 in the United States.